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    大世界app安卓【hkga-bb.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。驻马店位阉公司(原榆林疾讣绞有限责任公司)成立于1993年,占地面积76760平方米,悦博PT四灵其中生产厂房占地3329平方米,仓库面积占地0377平方米。固定资产3073万元,流动资产6115万元,干部职工共693人,工程技术人员01人。大世界app安卓ByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)BySheYu,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo118,2012Thebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationisanimportantchannelforrealizingtheequalizationofthebasicpubliceducationservices,evokedintensepublicresponseandproducedterriblynegativeinfluence,"choiceofschools"hasbeenthedisequilibriumineducationalresourcesbetweenvariousschools,,behindthe"choosingofschools"evenliesthe"choosingofteachers".Tofacilitatethebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationistosetabouttheworkoneducationalinput,resourcesofteachersandschoolstandardization,hebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationliesintheequilibriuminresourcesofteachers,whiletheequilibriuminresourcesoftethattheregionalresourcesofteacherscanbeadjustedintermsofknowledgestructure,disciplinarystructure,agestructure,titlestructureandmainstaystructuresoastograduallybridgethegapsamongtheschools,toconscientiouslyimprovetheteachingqualitiesofschoolswithflimsyfoundationsorschoolsinremoteareas,tocooldownthe"school-choosingcraze",establishingtheteachermobilitysystemisacriticalmoveforfacilitatingthebalancedallocationofeducationalresourcesaswellasanimportantbreakthroughtocontainthe"choosingofschools".Internationally,constructionofsuchasystemisalsothemosteffectivepolicy,the"regularmobilitysystem"1forteachersofJapaneseelementaryandmiddleschoolshasbeenanextremelycrucialchannelforfacilitatingthebalanceddevelopmentofteachersamongtheschoolstoboostinturnthebalanceddevelopmentofeducationamongtheschools"educationequalization"policy2focusedontheflowofteachers,SouthKoreahassubstantiallyenhancedthequalityofitscompulsoryeducationacrosstheboardandhasbecomeaworldwideparagonofhigheducationpopularization,"zonesofeducationpriority"policy3andbyproceedingfromteachercultivationcriteriaandunityofwagesofelementaryandsecondaryschoolteachers,Francehascreatedconditionsforflowofteachersonalargescale,thusequalizingtheallocationofteacherstoahigherext,quiteanumberofpeoplenowstillworryaboutthe"similarityofschoolstobeeasilyincurredbyflowofteachers".Compulsoryeducationisamandatoryfreeeducationpracticedbyrvicesthatthecoreofcompulsoryeducationistolaystressonboostingfairnessratherthanseekingdistinctivenesswithregardtobasicschoolfacilities(equipment,booksandschoolbuildings),teachersandunifiedcriteriaonmanagementand,moreover,emphasisshouldbelaidontheprincipleof"ensuringbasiceducationwithmoderatelevels"and"limitingboththelowestandthehighestlevelofeducationfacilities".Internationalexperiencesalsosuggestthatjobrotationandequalizationoffacilities4favorstheequalizationofteachingresourcesandtrentoftheTeacherMobilitySystemIthasbeenexpresslyputforwardintheOutlinefortheNationalMedium-andLong-termEducationalReformandDevelopmentPlan(2010~2020)(hereinafterreferredtoastheEducationPlanningOutline)that"educationalresourcesshouldbeallocatedreasonably"andthat"thesystemforinterchangeofteachersandschoolmastersshouldbecarriedoutwithincounties(regions)".Inrecentyears,usefulex,however,isratherlimitedonthewholeacrossthecountry,andtheimplementationo,whencarryingoutthepoliciesandregulations,withtheproblemsontheinterestandinstitutionallevelsthatneedtobesolvedurgently.。

    ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo25,2013(Total4274)sMonetaryEnvironmentHasExperiencedProfoundChangesCurrencyalwaysplaysitsroleinoseconomyisundergoingthecriticalrestructuringinatransitionalstage,,thecurrencysupplyandtherela,Chinashouldpayclose,theeffectivemonetaryregulationandcontroltools,especiallythepricecontroltools,shouldbedevelo,thereliableestimateforthechangedmonetaryenvironmentandtheadjustmenttotheformercontroltoolsandintensityshouldbemadetoensurethatthecurrencyspcedtheimport-orientedoneTheexchangeratesystemisanimportantfactorinfluencingChina,China,theincreaseofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangewasalorforeignexchangeandthebasiccurrencyincreasekeptover100%;theratioevenreached324%,Chinawithdrawsandfreezestheexcessivebasiccurrencyinthemarketbyusingcen%,Chinastarted,,accountingfor27%,easingandreducetheloan-depositratioofbanks,hencerestrictingbanks,banksareforcedtointensifytheexpsM2moneysupplyismainlyachievedthrou,thefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeaccountedfor40%-70%andsuchpercentageofloansfluctuatedbetween60%and80%.Thesum-totalofthetwopercentageexceeded100%,Chinawithdrewsomemoneysupplyinthemarket,,,thetotal-sumofthetwopercentageswasaround100%,thenewlyincreasedcreditsaccountedforabout80%whiletheincreasedfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangesawasubstantialdecrease,leavingthesum-totalofthetwofactorslessthan100%,Chinahadtorelyonmoremoneysupplymeanssuchasreducingthescaleofcentralbankbills,increasingpublicmoneyissue,entdirectlytotheforeigntradeenterprises(smallandmedium-sizedcompaniesincluded).However,whentheamountofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangedecreased,themoneysupplyreturnedtobedrivenmainlybyalfinancingstructureAsthemarket-basedinterestrateandtheeasedmarketaccessfacilitatetheintegrationofdifferentmarkets,China%,arecordlow,%%,,nslikesmallloancompanies,guaranteecompanies,pawnshops,peer-to-peer(P2P)lendingcompanies,%%attheendof2012,thesum-totalofthepercentagesinbondandstockfinancingofsuchenterprisescontinuedtoincreasefrom14%%squantitativecontroltoolsbecomelesseffective,,Chinashouldmakethemarketmoresensitivet,moneysupplyandsocialfinancingwererelativelyeasedcomparedtotheGDPandinflationin2012,thesmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswerech,largenumbersofenterpriseshavingtroubleincashflowcouldacquirehigh-costfundsthroughsociallendingchannels,,thelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterpriseswithhugefunddemsin2012,,,accountingfor23%.,,theloan-to-depositratio,andthecapitaladequacyratio,bankstendtohavealimitedcre,thefinancingdifficultyandthehighfinancin,relevantdepartmentsshouldmakejointeffortstolowerthelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterprisesoccupationfohinaseconomyhassteppedintoanewdevelopmentstage,whichcanbedemonstratedintheoutstandingstructural(aperiodic)%since2002,buttheratedroppedaround20%,theratiooflong-andmedium-termbankloansalsosufferedacontinuousdroptoabout18%bytheendof2012whilethenon-financialenterprisesevensawa,thecapitaldemandsinChineseinfrastructureandrealestatewilltakeonadownwardtendencyduetothecapitalrestraints,whichrequiresChinatoseekforneweffectivefunddemands....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhangLiangGuShuzhong,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesResearchReportNo193,2011Extre,theincreasinglyglaringcontradictionbetweenrtagehasbecometheworstbottleneckimpairingurbandevelopmentandperformanceofBeijinguaranteewatersupplyinBeijing(1)Theamountofper-capitawaterresour,,calculationindicatesthattheamountofannualper-capitawaterresourcesisonly107cubicmeters,beingmuchlowerthantheinternationallyacknowledgedannualper-capitawatershortagecordonof1,000cubicmetersand,withtheever-increasingnumberofpermanentresidents,theamountofper-capitawaterresourceswillcontinuetodecrease.(2)Theamountofprecipitationandotherwatersuppliesareinseriousshortsup~2010was475millimeters,(ndgroundwaterresources),,theamountofaverageannualprecipitationhasdecreasedby20%inrecent11years,thetotalamountofwaterresourceshasdroppedby44%,thevolumeofentrywaterhasreducedby77%andtheamountofwaterresourcesfromMiyunReservoirandGuantingReservoirhasdecreasedby79%.Asaresult,theamountofusablewaterresourceshasdecreasedsharply.(3)Groundwaterresourceshavebeenoverlyextractedandtheamountofurban,Huairou,PingguandChangpingDistri,thegroundwaterlevelwasabout10metersdeepundergroundandthewaterlevelhasdroppedanannualaverageof3~beenobserved,,inwatersupplysecuritywillcontinuetoincreaseinBeijingduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodThe12thFive-YearPlanperiodwillbethemostdifficultperiodforwatersupplyinthehistoryofBeijingand,inparticular,thehardshortfall,thatduring2011~~,~,andt~,~etersrespectivelyin2009and2010that,throughsuchmeasuresascontinuingtooverlyextractgroundwater,drawingonMiyunReservoirandwideningtheuseofregeneratedwater,therewillstillbeahardshortfallof450millioncubicmetersinwatersupplyanddemandinthe6urbandistrictsofBeijing,ofwhichtheyearlywatershortageduring2011~2014willreach370million,380million,undertheSouth-NorthWaterDiversionProject,with800millioncubicmeterstobedistributedtotheurbanareas,butifextractionofemergencywaterresourcesisstopped,thetapwatersupplywellsareconservedandtheself-supplywellsarereplaced,,hewatersupplyrestraintswillbecomeallthemoreconspicuousWhenlocalwaterresourcesbecomelesscapableofmeetingwaterdemand,transferringwaterfromotherplac,Beijingsuccessivelytransferredwatertwicefromotherprovinces,withthefirsttransferfromHebeiwith200millioncu,Beijinghasponedfrom2010to2014,thediversionofwaterresourcescannotbeconductedonalargescalein3~5yearstime,therefore,transferringwaterfro,whendeterminingtransferprices,i,andrelevantecologicalcompensationswerenotgiventoplacesofwatersupply,thelocalinterestsweredirectlyimpaired,,HebeiandShanxiarewater-starvedprovinces,whicharesufferingfromwatersupplyshortfalls,thus,thetwoprovinceshavemuchdifficultytransferringwatertoBeijing,rojectsandwater-guzzlingprojectshavenotbeencontainedeffectivelyOnonehand,whennewly-builtprojects,afterdemonstrationanalysis,areputforwardforexaminationandapproval,,andtherelatedindicatorsareincomplete,plus,project-conductingunitsevadeexaminationsandfalselyreportwater-consumptioninformationnowandthen,incurringforcedwatersupplyaftertheprojectshavebeenstarted,,incaseofseriouswatershortage,s,intermsoftheservicesector,thenumberofso,000bathcenters,175golfcourses,22skiresortsandmorethan9,000carwashcentersinBeijingconsume10%orsoofthecitysyearlywaterconsumption.10-200米ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"TheSystemofEvaluationIndicatorsforScientificDevelopment",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintodayeultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembersenthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesnmToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChinasdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChinakondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.。

    新葡京久发手机版登录ByHanJun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.LiuShijinYuBinLiJianweiZhahemain,advancingthereadjustmentoftheeconomicstruonomicgrowthandemployment,thepressureonthe,fiscalandmonetarypoliciesfor2011shouldbeaimedatgraduallyrealizingtheirstabletransitionfromthefightagainstthecrisistotherolesplayedasregularpolicies,inmakingsubstantialprogressinthereadjymentThroughmorethan30yearsofsustainableandrapiddevelopment,the"primaryaspects",thechangefromexcessdependenceonexportandinvestmenttohigherdependenceonconsumptiongrowthandfromthedependenceonfastexpansionofthemanufacturingindustrytohigherdependenceonthegrowthoftheservicesectorwillinevitablyproduceimpactonthepaceoftheeconomicgro,inrecentyearstheurbanemploymenthasincreasedanannualaverageofapproximately4%,withthenumberofnewly-increasedjobsbeingequivalenttothatoffreshurbanandrurallaborsuppliesonthewhole,doptimizingtheeconomicstructureandimprovingthequalityoftheeconomicgrowthwhilemaintainingthegrowthatanecessaryspeedandshouldbeaimedatenergeticallyrespondingtonewcircumstancesandissuesarisingfromtheslowdownofthegrowthandthecontinuousriseofthelaborcostandmakheReadjustmentoftheEconomicStructureThedistortionofthepricesofresourcesandproductionfactorshasfailedtofullyreflectthescarcityandthemarketsupply-demandsituation,becomingaseriousobstacleagainstthereadjstrates,,thedepositratesinrealtermsarenegative,theinterestmarginbetweendepositsandloansisbiganditisformostpa,wecanconsiderraisingthedepositratesmoderatelyandshouldactivelyfacilitatetheformationofthemarke,onthebasisoffurtherstrengtheningthedifferentiatedexportrebatesandtariffs,wecanwidenthefluctuationofRMBexchangeratesproperlyandgivemoreplaytotherolesoftheexchangeratesinoptimizing,improvethepricingmechanismofnaturalgasandoilprontoExpandConsumptionBoostingthereformofthenationalincomedistributionsystemandincreasingthe:conscientiouslycarryingouttheLaborContractLaw,earnestlysafeguardingworkerslegitimaterightsandinterestsandreasonablyincreasingtheminimumwages;expeditingthetransferoflandinruralareas,facilitatingtheinnovationontransferandsubstitutionofhousesitesandenablingfarmerstoreasonablyshareearningsfromappreciationoflandvalue;activelyadvancingtheexperimentationoflevyingbuildingtaxesandintensifyingtheeffortsinadjustingthetaxesonpropertystockamonghigh-incomegroups;increasingtheratioofgovernmentexpenditureonpublicservicesandontransferpaymentforpeopleswell-beingtoaggregategovernmentexpenditureandfocusingmoreofthegovernmentspendingonofferingpublicproductsnandEmissionReductionDuringthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandemissionreductionandthemechanismfacilitatingtheenergyconservationandemissionreductionhasinitiallytakenshape,emissionreductionarestillhighlydependentonadministrativemanagementandthatdrawingonadministrativeorderandthesweepingapproachtocontrolenergyconsumptionhasgeneratedsomenegativeeffect,whichishardtocontinueandiseasyt,onthebasisofthemarketandaccordingtothedifferencesinresources,industrialstructuresanddevelopmentstagesofvariousregions,distributetargetsinafairerandmorereasonableway,activelyexploremechanismsconducivetorealizingthestructuraloptimization,technologicalprogressandgradualreductionofresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeandconstantlyconsolidateandenhancetheollowedbydifferentindustriesofvariouscountriesandgraduallysetuptheenergyconsumptionandemissionreductionrulesandregulationsforalltradesandprofessionstoputapremiumontheadvancedandweedoutthebackward;weshouldrelylessonadministrativemeasuresandshouldtakevictsWeshouldreasonablydividethepowerofexaminationandapprovalbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsandlayemphasisongivingpdontheexaminationandverificationofthequalificationsforenvironmentalprotection,energyconsumption,safetyandqualitystandardandthetwo-waysupervision(Theprojectnotcominguptostandard,thegovernmentwillsupervisetheproject;theprojectcominguptostandardyetnotbeingapproved,theenterprisewillsupervisethegovernment)yproceedingfromthecapacitysizetobringtheconstructionofnewprojectsundercontrolwillsuppressthrdofinvestmentprojects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.大世界app安卓重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLiuShijin,Vice-MinisterofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,sEnergySupplyMoreInsecureTheextensiveconcernoverunityisasufficient,reliable,multi-channelandaffordablesupplyofoilandnaturalgasandanavailabilityofsuffic,,electricity,nucts,politicalinstabilityinenergy-producingcountriesandsecuritythreatstoenergyfacilities,,itsdependenceratioonforeigncrudeoilhasskyrocketedfrom6%in1993to45%in2006andmorethan50%snaturalgimportedenergy,Chinaisalwaysahighlypassiveacceptorandfindsitdifficulttoaenergysupplysecurity,someofthembeingimpossiblewhenChinawasclosedtotheoutsideworld.--ilandotherenergyproductsandrefusestoincreasesupplybytakingadvantageofitsopeningup,--,globalenergysupplyoffersamuchwideranddiversifiedspaceintermsofregions,sourcesandvarieties.--Commoninterestswi,somecountriesmayverywellcauseinsecuritytoChinahopeningupinenergyproduction,transport,saleanddemand,thecompetitorswillhavetofaceh,refusingtocooperateconstitutesabasicconditionforbothsidestofeelinsecure.--Promotingtechnologicalexchangeandcooperationinenergysupply,energyconservationandnewproductdevelopmentandencouraginginnovationscanincreaselongandmedium-termenergysecurity.--sworld,theenergyandecon,andenergysecurity,whichisinter-relatedandhighlyexclusive,lengeofenergysecurity,andstayingawa,higherdependenceonforeignenergiesandespeciallyonforeignoilwhenacountryope,ratherthannarrowed,thespacetoensureChinarityhavebeenvisiblyincreased,,China,thedependenceonforeigncrudeoilismorethan60%fortheUnitedStatesand100%,avoidtheunfavorableones,andconsolidatethecornerstoneofChinareitsenergysecurityinthenewsituationofopeningup,Chinamustproceedfromitspracticalconditions,earnestlystudyanddrawoninternationalexperiences,andidentifyseveralstrategicpriorities.--,buttospreaseoilsupplyfromCentralAsia,ghydropower,nu--,Chinamaycooperatewithint,,storage,,Chinashouldencouragejoint-,morethanhalfofChina,theinterestsofforeigninvestorsandtheirhomecountrieswillinevitablybeaffected.ByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo17,2013(Total4266)Recently,withbankfinancialproductsbecomingahotspottopicinChina,,thedefinition,connotationandmeaningoftheshadowbankinggivenbytheinternationalfinancialcirclearecloselylinkedwiththeeconomicandfinancialstructures,differentstagesoffinanciald,managingdirectorofPacificInvestmentManagementCompany(PIMCO),,theinternationalf:ScopingtheIssues,aresearchreportpublishedbyFinancialStabilityBoard(FSB)inApril2011,shadowbankingrefersto"asystemofcreditintermediationthatinvolvesentitiesandactivitiesoutsidetheregularbankingsystem,andraisessystemicriskaswellasregulatoryarbitrageconcerns."Factorsfortheshadowbankingtotriggersystemicrisksmainlyinclude:maturitymismatch,liquiditytransformation,arly,thestructuresoftheshadowbankingarevariedduetothevarietyoffinancialstructures,differentdevelopmentstagesoffinancntermediationsystemconductedthroughriskdiversificationandleverageenlargementcenteredonsecuritizationofmoneymarketfundssuchasinvestmentfundsandinvestmentbanks,whereasshadowbankinginEuropemainlyincludespresentfinancialsystemlikethoseholdingadominantpositionihadowbankingfromdifferentperspectivestocorrespondtothepresentChinesefinancialmarket,whichgenerallyincludesfourscopes:thenarrowestscope,whichmakesshadowbankingtoonlyinvolvebankfinancingbusinessandtrustcompanies;thenarrowscope,whichinvolvesbankfinancingbusinessandsuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsastrustcompanies,financecompanies,autofinancingcompanies,financialleasingcompaniesandconsumerfinancecompanies;thewidescope,whichinvolvessuchform-basedbusinessasthenarrowscope,inter-bankbusinessandentrustedloans,aswellassuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsasfinancingassurancecompanies,petty-loancompaniesandpawnshopsandsoforth;thewidestscope,ttentionandiscurrentlythemostprevalent,namely,thenon-bankfinancialinstitutionssuchasbankfinanropeandtheUnitedStatesBasedonabove-mentioneddefinitionandfeaturedescription,andinlinewiththeperformanceoftheshadowbankingsystemintheinternationalfinancialcrisis,scopingtheshadowbankingshouldmainlyincludethefollowingthreeaspects:First,whethe,shadowbankingintheUnitedStatesandEurope,suchasthehedgefund,hadnotbeenmonitoredtothefulland,propelledbysuchfinancialinnovationsascounterpurchaseandassetsecuritization,suchinstitutionshadconstantlyexpande,whethershadowbankingischaracterizedbymaturitymismatchandhigh-leverageoperation,,theshadowbankingliabilitiesintheUnitedStatesandEuropewerefocusedonshort-termwholesalefinance,suchastheinter-banklendingandcommercialbills,butinvestmentsweremadeinprotractedandpoorlymobileassetssuchasassetsbackedsecurities,,thebalancesheetsofthemajorUSinvestmentbankshadexpandeddrastically,evenwiththeaverageleveragescoringa40-foldincreaseorsoand,duringthecrisis,theferociousde-,whethershadowbankingisofrelevanceandinfectiousness,,theshadowbankingsystemhadcorrelatedwiththecommercialbankingsystembymeansofbusinesscontactandequityinvestmentinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,spreadingthecrisis-incurredrisksquicklyfromtheshadowbankingsystemtothetrad,althoughthedrivingforcebehindtheemergenceoftheshadowbankingsysteminChinaisbasicallyaimedattheregulatoryarbitrageandisalsocharacterizedbyliquiditytransformationandcreditrisks,andalthoughsomeriskcontrollinksshouldbestrengthened,theshadowbankingsystemhasbeenbroughtundertheregularsupervisionsystemonthewholeandisnottypicallycharacterizedbythehighleverageandthematuritymismatchthatmaytriggersystemicrisksand,meanwhile,thesizeofthesaid,,thebankfinancialproductsfallwithinthestatisticalrequirementsenforcednowbysupervisiondepartments,theperformanceofthefinancialproductsissuedbycommercialbanksshouldbesubmittedtosupervisiondepartmentsatregularintervals,andtheparticularsofthefinancialproductsshouldalsobesubmittedtmmercialBankspromulgatedin2005andtheMeasuresonManagementofSalesofFinancialProductsofCommercialBanksimplustcompanies,includingaccessmanagementandcapitalregulation(MeasuresonManagementofNetCapitalofTrustCompanydemandsthatthetrustcompaniesnetcapital-to-riskcapital-ratioshouldsurpass100%).ConstrainedbysuchrulesandregulationsastheMeasuresonManagementofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theProvisionalMeasuresontheAssessmentofIndicatorsMonitoringRisksofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theMeasuresfortheImplementationofAdministrativeApprovalsforNon-BankFinancialInstitutions,theMeasuresonManagementofAutoFinancingCompaniesandthePilotMeasuresonManagementofConsumerFinanceCompanies,thesupervisioncompanies,withreferencetotheregulatoryrequirementsovercommercialbanks,havesetupacompletesetofprud,Chinasshadowbankingsystemindependentlyandrelevantinformationshouldbedisclosedfullytomatcheverysumoffundswithcorrespondingassetsandtoenableeachearningstocovertherisksonthewhole(AccordingtoWinddata,theanticipatedannualrateofreturnonbanks%,%,andwithinthesame6-monthperiod,%%respectively;accordingtoSB,anAmerican-fundedsecuritytrader,onlylessthan10%ofthefinancialproductsyieldaninterestratehigherthan5%).Hence,risksoffinancialproductsshouldbebasicallyclosetothoseofsimilarinvestmentproductsiseway,thetimelimitforover90%oftheassetsisgenerallywithin5years,andthedegreeofm,currentlytrustcompaniesinChinashouldnotoperateonborrowingsandcannotgiveloanstobankseither,,thetrustfundsarebeingoperatedinaseal-offway,,highleverageandmaturitymismatcharenotthefeaturesofthetrustfunds....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、大世界app安卓用户至上最大麻将Buthigh-speedrailwaysarenotedforhugeinvestments,,constructionperiods,technologicaldevelopmentaswellassomeotherfactors,theyalsovarygreatlyintheinvestmentscale,,theconstructioncostisabout6~45millioneuroperkilometer,(atthe2005constantprice).,thetotalconstructioncostisashighas50~,theoperationalandmaintenancecostsofhigh-speedrailwaysarealsoveryhigh,withtheannualmaintenancecostbeingabout28,000~33,000europertrack-kilometer(atthe2002price).,ticket,,%%,theMadrid~Sevillehi,high-speedrailwaysrequireexceptionallyhighconstructionandmaortantfacto,%shareofthecountrysrailwaymarketduringthe2000~2006period,,theshareinGermanyrose9%,%.gurationoftheTokaidoShinkansen,aJapanesehigh-speedrailwaywiththehighestspeedof210kilometersperhour,~1983,duringwhichatotalof2,e(1964~1973).TheyweremainlybuiltinJapanandBritain,respectivelyclaiming43%and36%~2009,duringwhichatotalof4,des(1984~2003).Atpresent,theglobalmileageofhigh-speedrailwaystotals12,050kilometers,withJapanrankingfirstandclaiming2,,194kilometersofhigh-speedrailways,accountingforabout10%athigh-speedrailwaysstillaccountfo,the7,100-kilometerhigh-speedrailwaysaccountforlessthan4%,thetotalmileageofhigh-speedrailways,includingtheupgradedexistingrailwayswithaspeedofmorethan200kilometersperhour,is6,552kilometers,whichaccountsforabout7%ofthecountry,onlyninecountriesandregionsaroundtheworldhavehig,,withtheaveragespeedofmorethan250kilometersperhour.ByChengGuoqiang,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo116,2011Sincethe1990s,withtherapidgrowthoftheChineseeconomyanditsstructuralchange,significantchangeshavetakenplaceinChina,realizinggraduallygettingindustrytonurtureagricultureandsubsidizingagriculturortandstructuralfeaturesofChinasagriculturalpoliciesinabidtoprovideabasisforpolicy-makingforfurtherimprovingChina,thecentralgovernmentmadeasignificantjudgmentthat"Chinahasonthewholeenteredintothestageofindustrysteppingupagricultureandurbandevelopmentbringingalongruralgrowth"andformulatedanumberofagriculture-friendlypoliciesmainlyaimedatrepealingagriculturaltaxes,animalslaughtertax,livestocktaxandtaxesonspecialagriculturalproducts,leavingfarmersexemptedfromataxburdenof120billionyuaneachyear;exploredwaysforofferingsubsidiestofarmers,includingdirectsubsidiesforgrainproducers,generalsubsidiesforpurchasingagriculturalsupplies,subsidiesforpurchasingsuperiorcropvarietiesandagriculturalmachineryandtools(knownas"FourSubsidies"),theamountofthe"FourSubsidies"(Table1)in2010;allcontrolovergrainmarketpricesandgrainpurchaseandsaleswereliftedandthepolicyofpurchasingandtemporarystockp,,pricesofwhitewheat,%,%%respectivelyandthoseofearlyindicarice,mid%,%%respectively(Table2);fiscalsupportforagriculturalbudgethasbeenincreasedbyawidemargin,incentivemeasureshavebeenpracticedovermajorgrain-producing,oil-producingandpork-producingcountiesandthesubsidieshavebeenincreasedtosupportsuchprojectsaskeywaterconservancyprojectsinlargeandmedium-sizedirrigatedareas,irrigationfacilitieslikesmallwaterconservancyworks,agriculturaltechnicalinnovation,seedstockbreedingandtherelevanttechnologypopularizationsystem,agriculturaltechnicalservice,preventionandcontrolofplantdis Fundsforthe"FourSubsidies"SpentinChinaSince2004(Unit:100millionyuan)ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo52,nChinahad,forlong,practicedadualistsystemforurbanandruralareas,,differentmechanismswereemployedtoprovidepublicservicesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheallocationofpubliccfinance,tovisionofruraleducation,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,boththe,proposedin1998,edeconomicandatbuildinganewsocialistcountrysidewouldbeamajorhistorictask,ruralcove,var,thesupportbypublicfinanceforruraldevelopmenthasbeenextendedfromtheformerrelativelynarrowagriculturalproductiontotheprovisionofruralpublicservicesandtheconstructionofpublicinfrastructures,andgraduallytoruraleducation,medicalcare,old-ageinsurance,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,,comprehensivefreecompulsoryeducationhasbe,Chinabegantoincludeallruralstudents(includingthoseincountiesandtowns)acrossthecountryintothecoverageof"twoexemptionsandonesubsidy",,atotalof150millionruralstudentsreceivingcom,theycanhavefreetextbooksprovidedbythegovernmentandmillionsofpo,thenewruralcooperativem,ithasbasicallycoveredallrura,amin,,theexperimentonanewruralinsurancesystemwascomprehensivelylaunchedin2009toexplorehowtoestablishanewruralinsurancesystemincorporatingpersonalcontribution,,atotalof10,Chinahaslaunchedaprojecttorenovateramshackleruralhousesandprovidedsubsidy,theStateprovidedfiscalsubsidyfor800,,theconstructionofruralwater,electricity,road,naturalgas,Internetand~2010period,atotalof215millionruralpeoplehadgainedaccesstosafedrinkingwater,cts,focusingonthewater-savingtransformationinlargeirrigationareas,thedemonstrationprojectsonwater-savingirrigation,andthekeycouystemWhileChinahasmadegreateffortsandscoredsomeachievementsinequalizingbasicpublicservicesbetweenurbanandruralareasinrecentyears,theurban-ruraldisstillprominent,andthe,thesystemsoneducation,health,cultureandotherpublicservices,,bothsystemadjustmenandrurallooksisstillsharp(1)TheproblemofunsaferuraldrinkingwaterisstillprominentCurrently,therearetwomainprob,about220millionr0arededucted,Chinalanforruralsafedrinkingwaterprojects(2005~2015):thepopulationwhofailedtobeincludedinthenationalplanafterthere-evaluationbytheMinistryofWaterResourcesin2004,thenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromwatersourcepollutionanddepletion,earthquake,higherstatewaterqualitystandardsandengineeringrelocation,andthenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromtheexpandedcove,asengineeringconstructionadvances,theeasyprojectshavebeenlargelycompletedandmostoftheremainingpeoplearelivinginareasfarfromwatersources,wherewaterqualityispoor,topographyiscomplex,,mostprovincesandction.、DVORByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HeYupengSincemid-1990s,thetransformationofthetraditionalagriculturehasbeennotablyexpeditedinChina,featuringtheacceleratedtransferofagriculturallaborfernization,sincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiod,transitionalchangesbegantotakeplaceintherelationshipsbetweencapitalandlaborinputinagriculture,featuringfarmer-workersgettingequalpayasagriculturalemploysagric,in2007,thecentralgovernmentissuedthe"",puttingforwardviewsattherighttimeonvigorouslydevelopingmodernagriculture,notonlyseizingthecriticalmomentforadvancingagriculturalmodernization,but,eversince,systematicallycontinuingtheenhancementofthepolment,withtheLevelofModernizationBeingSteppedUpMarkedlySincemid-1990s,especiallysincetheendofthe10thFive-yearPlanperiodandthebeginningofthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,thelevelofChinasagriculturalmodernizationmeasuredbymechanization,extensiveuseoffarmchemicals,msoftheoverallenvironmentforagricageoffarmlandstotheincreaseofyieldperunitareaandthecapitalinputhasplayedaleadingroleinthisregard.(I)RemarkableProgressinMechanizationAfter1993,especiallysince1998,,thetotalmotivepoweroffarmmachineryreached820millionkilowatts,whichalmostdoubledthatof1997and,,withtheimplementationofthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystemwithremunerationlinkedtooutput,themotivepowerofsmalltractorssurpassedthatoflargeandmedium-sizedtractors,:,largeandmedium-sizedtractorsdevelopedrapidly,withtheaforesaidratioofmotivepowerdroppingto2:,thenumberoflargeandmedium-sizedtractorsincreasedbynearly1millionoverthepreviousyear,whichwasequivalentto1/3ofalllargeandmedium-sizedtractors,andthemotivepowerincreasedby20millionkilowatts,amountingto1/,thenumberofcombinescameto39,000in1990,topped100,000in1997to141,000andreached743,000in2008,increasingby100,,intermsofthemeansofproductionofpeasantfamilies,t,themanpowerand,thenumberofdraughtanimalsownedeveryonehundredhouseholdsreached26,,thenumberofmotorvehiclesand,whichmorethandoubled.(II)Ever-increasingUtilizationofFarmChemicalsIn2008,~2003,theamountofchemicalfertilizersappliedincreasedbyanannualaverageof720,000tons,~,since2004,~2008,,,,,spending,in2008,theamountofchemicalf,%,theareaofthearablelandsinChinaaccountsfor1/10oftheworldtotal,yettheamountoffertilizersappliedbyChinamakesup1/4oftheworldtotal,andtheamountoffertilizersappliedperunitareahascometo2timesthatofthedevelopedcountries.(III)LevelofIrrigationSteadilyontheIncreaseIn2008,,increasingbyabout10millionhectaresover1992,makingup48%,,,withtheannualaverageofincreasereaching1millionhectaresorso,accountingfor40%oftheincreasescoredduring1992~,,,in2008,,upby14%,%oftheper-capitaagriculturalacreage,,,%.Intermsofwaterconservancyworks,thereisawiderspaceforthedevelopmentofirrigationandwater-savingagriculture.(IV)Ever-growingLevelofElectrificationIn2008,,,theruralp,th,sizingupthelevelofagriculturalelectrificationwithruralp,powerconsumptionforagriculturalproductionhasincreasedconsiderablyinrecentyears,,theproduc,%,,upby45%over1990.(V)SupplyofAgriculturalMaterialandEquipmentEnhancedRemarkablyThegrowingagriculturalmechanization,farmchemicalutilization,irrigationareaandelectrificationreflecttheincreasedinputandtheimprovedinfrastructurebythegovernmentandtheenhancedsupplyofagriculturalmaterialandeched6,,,after2004,supplyofagriculturalmaterialandequipmenttopeasantfamilieshasbeenevidentlyenhanced,withtheimmobilizationsincreasedbymorethan2,,ithasmuchtodowiththepoliciesenforcedbythegovernmentinrecentyearstostrengthenthesupportandsubsidytoagriculture....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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